Analysis of the Distribution of the Female Interventional Radiology Workforce in the United States

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Purpose :
To analyze the temporal trends and state-wise geospatial variations in the Vascular and Interventional Radiology (VIR) female physician workforce in the United States and to compare its growth rate with the female workforce of other surgical fields.
Materials & Methods :
The State Physician Workforce Data was accessed for years 2015, 2017, and 2019. The variables collected for each state included total active female physicians, total female physicians per specialty, and total female physicians per 100,000 population in VIR. Comparative data were obtained for otolaryngology (ENT), general surgery (GS), interventional cardiology (IC), neurosurgery (NSG), ophthalmology (OP), orthopedic surgery (OS), plastic surgery (PS), thoracic surgery (TS), vascular surgery (VS) and urology (UR). The annual growth rate for female physicians in each state was computed for each specialty.
Results :
From 2015 to 2019, the total active female physicians in the United States grew by 3.82% per year. 34.61% of total physicians are female, and out of the specialties analyzed, ophthalmology has the highest number of female physicians at 22.14%, whereas females made up only 3.04% of VIR workforce. The annual growth rate of female physicians was highest in VS (12.61%) which was followed by IR (7.80%), IC (7.48%), NSG (7.15%), UR (6.12%), PS (5.02%), TS (4.51%), OP (4.09%), ENT (3.86%) and OS (3.28%). The state of Massachusetts has the highest proportion of women in VIR at 19%. Utah had the highest growth rate in the number of female VIR physicians at 16.55%.
Conclusions :
Female VIR physicians make up a small fraction of the VIR workforce, but their numbers have increased at a faster rate than most surgical specialties except vascular surgery.
Oral Abstract Presentation :
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Associated Sessions

Research Affiliate - Division of Neuroradiology, Yale School of Medicine
Maulana Azad Medical College
Maulana Azad Medical College
Weill Cornell Medical Center
Seth GS Medical College

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